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A football field is 100 yards long. The line dividing the field in the center is the 50 Yard Line. There are other lines marking the field off into 5 yard sections. There is a Goal Post at each end of the field, in the End Zone, one for each team.
Each team has an Offense and a Defense. When the Offense of one team is on the field, the Defense of the other team is on the field. The Offense has the ball and tries to score by getting it across the Goal Line - the line where the playing field and the End Zone meet. The Defense tries to stop them.
The Offense gets four tries to move the ball 10 yards toward their own goal post. These are called Downs. If they make the 10 yards or more, they get another four tries to move the ball another 10 yards. If they don't move the ball 10 yards in four tries, the ball goes to the other team, or the team “loses the ball.”
When a team loses the ball, their Offense leaves the field and is replaced by their Defense. The other team's Defense leaves the field and is replaced by their Offense.
Play is started by the Offense and Defense lining up facing each other. The Offense faces the direction of their Goal Post. The Quarterback passes (throws) the ball to one of his team mates. If he catches it, he runs toward the End Zone. If he makes it across the Goal Line, his team scores a Touchdown and gets six points. The team then gets a chance to earn an extra point by kicking the ball through the Goal Posts or two points by passing or running the ball into the End Zone.
If the team mate catches the ball, the Defense runs after him and tries to tackle him (grabbing him and causing him to fall to the ground). If he is tackled, play starts again at that point where the ball is. If the team mate doesn't catch the pass, the ball is dead and goes back to the previous starting place.
Sometimes a player of the Defense catches the pass. That's called an Interception. He then runs toward his team's goal and may score a Touchdown for his team. If he intercepts the ball, the other team's players will try to tackle him. Even if he is tackled, his team now has possession of the ball. His team's Defense leaves the field, replaced by their Offense. The other teams Offense leaves the field, replaced by their Defense.
A Football Game is made up of 60 minutes of play time. The 60 minutes is divided into four Quarters of 15 minutes each. At the end of two Quarters, there is a break called Half Time. On the Scoreboard you can see the minutes and seconds running out. The team with the most points at the end of four Quarters wins.
The Super Bowl is the final game of the Football season when two teams play each other for the championship. The game takes place in late January or early February. For some people the TV commercials are the best part of the Super Bowl.
Spread out newspaper and make crayon shavings (a small pencil sharpener is perfect for this). Cover the ironing board with newspaper and sprinkle the crayon shavings on a square of wax paper. Cover with another square of wax paper and more newspaper. Press the paper with a warm iron until the wax of the crayons is melted. These look beautiful hung in the window! Make a frame out of construction paper if you wish.
Split Pea Soup
Rinse the split peas under cold water. Place the drained peas, water and broth in a saucepan. Break the celery into 3 or 4 large pieces and add to the pot. Peel and trim the onion and then place the whole onion into the pot. Heat the soup to a boil on medium heat, then reduce the heat and let it simmer for 1 1/2 hours, stirring occasionally. When the soup is done, remove the celery and onion and throw them away.
Preheat griddle or skillet.
Combine flour, sugar, cinnamon, baking powder and salt in a large bowl. Mix together liquid ingredients and beat into dry mixture until smooth. Fold in the chocolate chips. Pour 1/4 cup batter for each pancake onto hot griddle.
Cook until the bubbles that form on top begin to pop, flip the pancakes, then cook a minute or so more.
You need envelopes (you can use new ones or save the return envelopes from junk mail), a rubber stamp and inkpad, stickers and some paper. Children can write a note or draw a picture to put in the envelope. They can use the stickers as stamps and the rubber stamp to make the “postmark”. They can deliver the mail to bedrooms or you can create mailboxes by stacking a few empty shoeboxes on their sides. There can also be a box to mail letters – use a larger shoebox or a small cardboard box with the top closed and cut a slot to put the letters through.
Emma Willard was self-educated and thought it was very important for girls to teach the same subjects that were being taught to boys. She started the first school to teach math and science to girls and the first college to educate women.
Young children love to play school. You can take turns being the teacher. Read a book out loud in front of the “class” (Children that can’t read yet still like to “read” to others. If you have a small chalkboard or white board you can put assignments or lessons on the board. Paper and pencils are important for the work that needs to be done, but don’t forget to have recess!
Animals handle cold winter weather in different ways. Some migrate to warmer climates. Some grow thicker fur coats so they can stay warm during the winter. However many animals hibernate during the coldest weather - they spend the warmer months of the year eating and storing as much body fat as they can and then live off this extra weight as they sleep in the winter. Bats, some mice, frogs and many squirrels sleep all winter. Others, including chipmunks and raccoons wake up once in a while to eat and then they go back to sleep. Have fun learning about the art of hibernation with your children during this cold time of the year.
Naptime game: Play “hibernation” - pretend to be one of the animals you have researched. Curl up and “sleep” and then wake up HUNGRY for snack time!
Pies are popular on holidays or any day and are easy to make if you buy a prepared crust in the freezer or dairy section of the grocery store. Try these favorite recipes with the children:
Mix together first 6 ingredients. Then add eggs and milk and mix thoroughly. Batter is very thin. Pour into pie shell. Bake 450 degrees for 45 minutes or until knife inserted in center comes out clean.
Apple Pie with Crumb Topping
Peel, core and slice 6 apples into thin pieces. Toss sliced apples gently with:
Pile apples into pie shell. Blend 3/4 cup brown sugar and 3/4 cup flour with 1/3 cup butter until crumbly. Spread over apples. Bake at 400 degrees for about 45 minutes
Backward Day is a day to do everything backwards. Use your imagination, and Backward Day can be lots of fun. It's especially popular with school aged kids.
Try writing backwards or reading backwards. Wear your shirt with the back in the front. Eat your meal, starting with dessert. Now that's what I call fun! Walk backwards, or talk backwards. Play a board game backwards, from the finish line to the start. Are you starting to get the picture!?
Read more about Backward Day.
Click on a day to learn more!
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